© David Dixon, Manchester Panorama, size, CC BY-SA 2.0

A Manchester Timeline

Our timeline can show only a small part of Manchester's rich history. For a considerably expanded view of the events, large and small, which comprise the history of the city, you may find it both helpful and entertaining to refer to The Manchester Historical Recorder. This publication is available from our online shop as a PDF download. Members can access the book in our Document Collection.

Manchester Historical Recorder

The Manchester Historical Recorder is a book published around 1876 which sets out notable events in Manchester from 500BC up to the time of publication. Aside from important historical events, it records the deaths of prominent local people and gives details of boiler explosions, floods, notable visitors and the establishing of important Manchester institutions.

 

 

1500 - 1600 - 1700 - 1800 - 1900 - 2000

1422 - First stone of the Collegiate Church laid (28 Jul)

1520 - Free Grammar School founded

1573 - First register of the Collegiate Church. Records the burial of Robert Fisher (1 Aug)

1596 - Manor of Manchester purchased by Sir Nicholas Mosley (28 Mar)

1500 - 1600 - 1700 - 1800 - 1900 - 2000

1642 - Manchester besieged by Royalist troops (25 Sep)

1645 - Outbreak of a great plague. Many died

1693 - Cross Street Independent chapel founded

1500 - 1600 - 1700 - 1800 - 1900 - 2000

1712 - St. Ann's Church consecrated (17 Jul)

1745 - Prince Charles Edward Stuart arrives in Manchester (29 Nov)

1752 - First issue of The Manchester Mercury newspaper published (3 Mar)

1756 - St. Mary's Church consecrated (29 Sep)

1769 - St. John's Church consecrated (7 Jun)

1781 - Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society established

1787 - Angel Meadow Cemetery consecrated (21 Sep)

1788 - St. Michael's Church, Angel Meadow, consecrated (20 May)

1788 - St. James's Church, George Street consecrated (18 Aug)

1500 - 1600 - 1700 - 1800 - 1900 - 2000

1806 - Portico, Mosley Street opened

1810 - Thomas Henshaw died leaving £20,000 to establish an asylum for the blind (4 Mar)

1815 - Walker's Croft cemetery consecrated (1 Jan)

1819 - Peterloo massacre (16 Aug)

1821 - First issue of The Manchester Guardian published (5 May)

1821 - Rusholme Road Dissenters' Cemetery opened (16 May)

1823 - Royal Manchester Institution for the for the Promotion of Literature, Science and the Arts founded (1 Oct)

1824 - Vegetarian Society founded in Manchester

1825 - First issue of The Manchester Courier newspaper published (1 Jan)

1825 - Deaf and Dumb School, Stanley Street, Salford opened (9 Feb)

1830 - Manchester to Liverpool Railway opened (15 Sep)

1832 - Manchester and Salford each awarded two Members of Parliament under the Reform Act (9 Aug). Mark Phillips and Rt. Hon. C. P. Thompson elected for Manchester and Joseph Brotherton and William Garnett for Salford (13/14 Dec)

1837 - Ardwick Cemetery opened (13 Apr)

1837 - The School for the Deaf and Dumb and Henshaws Asylum for the Blind opened at Old Trafford with a procession (21 Jun)

1837 - Manchester General Cemetery at Harpurhey opened (1 Sep)

1838 - Manchester constituted as a borough (1 Nov)

1839 - The Manchester Athenaeum, Bond Street, designed by James Barry, opened (28 Oct)

1845 - Manchester Town Council purchased the manorial rights from Sir Oswald Mosley for £200,000 (24 Jun)

1851 - Owens College opened (18 Mar) merged with Manchester Victoria University 24 Jun 1904)

1847 - Manchester becomes a diocese separate from Chester (1 Sep). James Prince Lee appointed the the first Bishop of Manchester (Oct)

1857 - Manchester Art Treasures Exhibition, Old Trafford. Possibly the largest art exhibition ever held in the world with 12,000 exhibits (5 May - 17 )ct)

1866 - Philips Park Cemetery opened (Roman Catholic section, 24 Aug; Unconsecrated section,1 May 1867; Consecrated section 2 Aug 1867)

1868 - First meeting of the Trades Union Congress held at the Mechanics Institute in David Street, Manchester (2-6 Jun)

1872 - The worst flood in Manchester's history caused widespread damage when the River Medlock burst its banks. Serious damage to the Roman Catholic section of Philips Park cemetery with several bodies being washed out of the ground (13 Jul)

1877 - The present Manchester Town Hall opened (13 Sep)

1878 - Newton Heath Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway Football Club formed, becoming Manchester United in 1902

1879 - Southern Cemetery opened (26 Sep)

1880 - St. Mark (West Gorton) Football Club formed, becoming Ardwick Association Football Club in 1887 and Manchester City in 1894

1887 - Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show at Salford Racecourse (14 Dec - 30 Apr 1888)

1891 - Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show, second visit to Manchester (July)

1892 - Manchester Crematorium opened (2 Oct)

1500 - 1600 - 1700 - 1800 - 1900 - 2000

1903 - Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show at Belle Vue, Manchester. Third and final visit (15 Apr - 2 May)

1914 - War declared on Germany (28 Jul)

1918 - Armistice declared (11 Nov)

1934 - Manchester Central Library opened by King George V (17 Jul)

1939 - War declared on Germany (1 Sep)

1940 - The Manchester Blitz. 684 people killed and extensive damage to the city (22-24 Dec)

1945 - End of war in Europe (2 Sep)

1961 - Yuri Gagarin, the first cosmonaut, visited Manchester (14 Jul)

1964 - Manchester & Lancashire Family History Society established

1970 - Manchester Metropolitan University created from Manchester Polytechnic

1974 - Creation of Greater Manchester borough (1 Apr)

1986 - Greater Manchester borough abolished (31 Mar)

1996 - Provisional IRA bomb explodes in Corporation Street causing extensive damage, but fortunately no fatalities (15 Jun)

1500 - 1600 - 1700 - 1800 - 1900 - 2000

2002 - Urbis Museum opened (27 Jun). Closed and re-opened as the National Football Museum 6 Jul 2012

2002 - Manchester hosted Commonwealth Games (25 Jul - 4 Aug)

2004 - Manchester Victoria University and University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology (UMIST) merge to create University of Manchester (1 Oct)

2017 - Suicide bomber explodes bomb at Manchester Arena. 23 killed. (23 May)